Knitted fabric types and related knowledge of knitted fabrics

(1) Weft-knitted fabrics are usually made of low-elastic polyester yarn or special-shaped polyester yarn, nylon yarn, cotton yarn, wool yarn, etc.
The unilateral tissue, the ribbed plain tissue, the double ribbed jersey structure, the jacquard tissue, the terry tissue, etc. are woven on various weft knitting machines. it
There are many varieties, generally have good elastic elongation, soft fabric, strong anti-wrinkle, strong hair style, and easy to wash ears. but
Its hygroscopicity is poor, the fabric is not crisp enough, and it is easy to disperse and curl. The chemical fiber fabric is easy to fluff, pilling and hooking. There are mainly the following varieties:
1. Polyester yarn-dyed knitted fabric: The fabric has bright color, beautiful appearance, matching color tone, tight texture, clear texture, strong hair style and class.
Wool-like tweed style. Mainly used for men's and women's tops, suits, windbreakers, vests, skirts, cotton jacket fabrics, children's wear, etc.;
2, polyester knitted fabric: This fabric is tight and thick, firm and wear-resistant, stiff and elastic, if the raw material is made of spandex containing spandex, then
It can be woven into stretch knit denim for better elasticity. Mainly used for trousers for men and women;
3, polyester knit wick fabric: fabric has a distinct bump, thick and full feel, good elasticity and warmth. Mainly used for men and women, tops
Fabrics for windbreakers, windbreakers, children's wear;
4, polyester cover cotton knitted fabric: the fabric dyed after the shirt , jacket, sportswear fabric. The fabric is crisp and wrinkle-resistant, firm and wear-resistant.
Moisture-absorbing, breathable, soft and comfortable;
5, artificial fur needle fabric: fabric feel thick, soft, warm. Depending on the variety, it is mainly used for coat fabrics, garment linings,
Collars, hats, etc. Artificial fur is also woven by warp knitting.
6, velvet knitted fabric: fabric feel soft, thick, firm and wearable, fluffy thick towering, soft color. Mainly used as outerwear fabrics,
Collar or hat materials, etc. It can also be made by weaving, for example: warp knitted looped fabric;
7. Hong Kong-style knitted woolen cloth: it has the smooth, soft and bulky feel of cashmere fabric, and the silk fabric has soft luster and good drape.
It does not shrink and breathe. Mainly used as spring, autumn and winter fashion fabrics.
(2) Warp knitted fabrics are often made of synthetic filaments such as polyester, nylon, vinylon and polypropylene, as well as cotton, wool, silk, hemp and chemical fiber.
And its blended yarn is woven as raw material. It has the advantages of good longitudinal dimensional stability, stiff fabric, low dispersibility, no curling, and good air permeability.
However, its lateral extension, elasticity and softness are not as good as weft knitted fabrics. There are mainly the following types:
1. Polyester warp-knitted fabric: The cloth surface is flat and the color is bright, and it is thick and thin. Thin type is mainly used as shirt and skirt fabric; medium thickness
Type, thick type can be used for men and women in clothing, windbreaker, tops, suits, trousers and other fabrics;
2, warp knitted fabric: mainly used for winter men's and women's coats, windbreakers, tops, trousers and other fabrics, fabric drapability, easy to wash, fast drying,
Free of heat, but static electricity accumulates during use, easy to absorb dust;
3, warp knitted mesh fabric: taking the mesh fabric texture is light, elastic and breathable, feel smooth and soft, mainly used as summer men and women lining
Shirt fabric
4, warp knitted velvet fabric: surface fluff thick towering, feel thick, full, soft, flexible, warm, good for winter
Clothing, children's clothing fabrics;
5, warp knitted terry fabric: This fabric has a full and thick hand, the body is firm and thick, elastic, hygroscopic, warm, good terry structure
Stable, with good performance, mainly for sportswear, lapel T -shirts , sleepwear, children's wear and other fabrics.
What is the difference between knitted fabric warp knitting and weft knitting?
    A: Knitting can be divided into warp knitting and weft knitting.
    Warp knitting with multiple yarns while looping along the longitudinal (warp) direction of the fabric
    Weft knitting with one or more yarns in a sequence along the transverse (weft) of the sector
Weft-knitted knitwear can be formed with at least one yarn, but in order to improve production efficiency, a plurality of yarns are generally used for weaving;
The warp knitted fabric is a fabric that cannot be formed by using one yarn, and one yarn can only form a loop composed of a coil.
     All weft knits can be detached into a line in the reverse weaving direction, but the warp knit can not.
     Warp knit fabrics cannot be hand woven.
    Warp knitted fabrics are divided into two categories:
    One is Raschel fabric, the main feature is that the flower shape is large, the cloth surface is rough, and there are many holes, mainly for decorative fabric;
The second is tricol fabric, the fabric is fine and the color is small, but the output is high, mainly made of coated fabric and printed fabric. These fabrics are mostly used for chemical fiber length.
Silk, otherwise the production efficiency is extremely low
Note on clothing design using knitted fabrics:
1. Using the flexibility of knitted fabrics
Knitted fabrics have good stretchability, which minimizes seams, pleats, splicing, etc., designed for styling.
Secondly, it is generally not advisable to use the technique of pushing and ironing, but to use the elasticity of the fabric itself or to properly use the pleats.
Processed to fit the human body curve. Then the size of the fabric's flexibility becomes an important basis for the design of the model.
The sample of woven garments is generally larger than the area required to wrap the human body, that is, it has a certain amount of looseness relative to the human body;
According to the different fabric structure used, if the fabric with extra elasticity (related to the yarn and structure used) is not designed,
The amount of looseness, its sample size can be the same as the human's circumference size, but also can be reduced in size considering the elastic coefficient.
Second, the use of knitted fabrics curling
The curling property of the knitted fabric is the edge fabric wrapping phenomenon due to the disappearance of the stress in the edge coil of the fabric. Curl is not a knitted fabric
Foot. It can cause unevenness in the seam of the piece or change in the size of the edge of the garment, ultimately affecting the overall shape and appearance of the garment.
Specifications and sizes. However, not all knitted fabrics have curling properties, but fabrics of individual organizational structures such as weft knitted fabrics.
This kind of fabric can be edge-trimmed, ribbed or rolled by the size of the pattern, and the adhesive strip is embedded in the edge of the garment.
The solution is solved. The curling of some knitted fabrics has been eliminated during the finishing of the fabric, avoiding the trouble of the design of the template.
It should be pointed out that many designers can take advantage of the fabric's performance and take advantage of the fabric's curling properties.
The neckline and cuffs of the board make the garment look special and refreshing, especially in the weaving of the molded garment.
Use its curling to form a unique pattern or dividing line.
Third, pay attention to the disengagement of knitted fabrics
Knitted fabrics are different in style and characteristics from woven fabrics. The style of their clothing not only emphasizes the advantages of fabrics but also overcomes their shortcomings.
point. Due to the dissociation of individual knitted fabrics, it is necessary to pay attention to the design and production of some knitted fabrics. Do not use too much exaggeration.
It may not be designed to save the provincial road and the cutting line, and the jointing seam should not be too much to prevent the occurrence of the disengagement of the knitted loop and affect the wearing of the garment.
The clean, soft lines are in harmony with the soft, versatile style of the knitwear.

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